What is CBD?


Understanding CBD

CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the active components in cannabis. Unlike THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not produce a stoned or high feeling, making it safe for use. Scientific studies on the effects of cannabis suggest that CBD can be as valuable as THC, but without its negative side effects. Below, we discuss the benefits of CBD and why it is a popular choice for various applications.


Natural Connection to Cannabis

Humans and animals have cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) in their body cells, mainly in the brain and immune system. This is part of the endocannabinoid system. When CBD is ingested, these receptors are activated and bind to the cell surface. Research has shown that introducing CBD into the endocannabinoid system promotes a healthier system without causing dependency.


Potential Medical Benefits of CBD

CBD is recognized for its potential in treating various health issues. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties and can help prevent inflammation in the body. Therefore, CBD is suitable for adults, children, and animals. Here are some of the most common medical applications of CBD:

  • Anti-inflammatory: CBD can reduce and prevent inflammation.
  • Pain Relief: It helps reduce chronic pain and spasms.
  • Mental Health: CBD can positively contribute to the treatment of anxiety and depression.
  • Neurological Disorders: It is used in treating epilepsy and other neurological conditions.

Legal Status of CBD

Animal studies have shown that CBD can be effective in reducing inflammation and heart attack damage. In the United States, CBD is now legal in all 50 states, thanks to updated legislation recognizing its benefits.


Applications of CBD Oil

While users experience CBD oil as a medicine, it is formally considered a dietary supplement because it has not yet been approved as a medicine. Millions of people worldwide use CBD oil for various complaints, including:

  • Weight Management: CBD can suppress appetite, aiding in weight control.
  • Smoking Cessation: CBD oil can help smokers live more easily without nicotine.

CBD oil remains a topic of significant research and interest within the medical community, with hundreds of publications already available on its potential benefits.


Other Important Cannabinoids

In addition to CBD, there are several other important cannabinoids in cannabis:

  • THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): The most well-known cannabinoid, responsible for the psychoactive effect. THC also has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • CBN (Cannabinol): Has a sedative effect and can reduce anxiety and ocular pressure.
  • CBG (Cannabigerol): Known for its antibacterial effects and relaxing properties.
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarine): Regulates the intensity of THC's psychoactive effects and can help with metabolic disorders.
  • CBC (Cannabichromene): Possibly anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving.
  • THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid): The acidic form of THC, which is not active in its pure form.
  • CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid): The acidic form of CBD, with potential anti-nausea properties.


The Medical Effects of Cannabinoids

The antioxidant and neuroprotective properties of cannabinoids are documented in US Cannabis Patent #6,630,507,000 BI Hampson et al. This patent recognizes the broad therapeutic applications of cannabinoids, including their ability to reduce oxidative stress and provide nerve protection.